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古建筑彩绘的装修与装饰性
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  国古代建筑对于装修、装饰特为讲究,凡一切建筑部位或构件,都要美化,所选用的形象、色彩因部位与构件性质不同而有别。

Chinese ancient architecture for decoration, decoration specially pay attention to, all building parts or components, to beautify the selected image, color because of parts and components of different nature and different.


  古建彩画

  The ancient painting


  台基和台阶本是房屋的基座和进屋的踏步,但给以雕饰,配以栏杆,就显得格外庄严与雄伟。屋面装饰可以使屋顶的轮廓形象更加优美。

Platform and steps is the footfall of housing base and into the house, but give carving with to the railings, it is particularly solemn and majestic. The roof can make the outline of the roof more beautiful.

如故宫太和殿,重檐庑殿顶,五脊四坡,正脊两端各饰一龙形大吻,张口吞脊,尾部上卷,四条垂脊的檐角部位各饰有九个琉璃小兽,增加了屋顶形象的艺术感染力。

Such as the Forbidden City Hall of Supreme Harmony, Zhong Yan Dianding veranda, four five ridge slope, are both ends of the ridge each decorated Yilong big kiss, mouth swallow ridge, tail coiling, the four vertical ridges in the eaves decoration of various parts of the has nine glazed small mammals, increases the roof image of artistic appeal.


  门窗、隔扇属外檐装修,是分隔室内外空间的间隔物,但是装饰性特别强。门窗以其各种形象、花纹、色彩增强了建筑物立面的艺术效果。

The doors and windows, external decoration is a sliding door, a spacer separates the indoor space, but the decoration is particularly strong. Doors and windows with its various images, patterns, color enhanced the artistic effect of building facades.


  内檐装修是用以划分房屋内部空间的装置,常用隔扇门、板壁、多宝格、书橱等,它们可以使室内空间产生既分隔又连通的效果。另一种划分室内空间的装置是各种罩,如几腿罩、落地罩、圆光罩、花罩、栏杆罩等,有的还要安装玻璃或糊纱,绘以花卉或题字,使室内充满书卷气味。

Interior decoration is used to divide the interior space of the housing of the device, commonly used partition door, siding, curio, bookcase, and they can make indoor space is separated and connected. Another divide the interior space of the device is a variety of cover, such as a few leg shield, ground cover, Wonkwang cover, flowers cover, railing cover, some want to install the glass or paste yarn, painted with flowers or inscriptions, make indoor book is full of smell.


  天花即室内的顶棚,是室内上空的一种装修。一般民居房屋制作较为简单,多用木条制成网架,钉在梁上,再糊纸,称「海墁天花」。重要建筑物如殿堂,则用木支条在梁架间搭制方格网,格内装木板,绘以彩画,称「井口天花」。

The indoor ceiling ceiling, is a kind of interior decoration over. The general residential housing production is relatively simple, multi grid made of wood, nail in the beam, and then paste the paper, called "flat ceiling". Important buildings such as halls, with wood branch take the grid system between the beams, lattice wood, painted in color, said wellhead smallpox.


  藻井是比天花更具有装饰性的一种屋顶内部装饰,它结构复杂,下方上圆,由三层木架交构组成一个向上隆起如井状的天花板,多用于殿堂、佛坛的上方正中,交木如井,绘有藻纹,故称藻井。

Caisson is a decoration of a roof interior decoration more than smallpox. Its structure is complex, on the bottom of the circle, consists of three layers of wooden cross constitutes a upward as well shaped ceiling, used for median to the top of the temple, Buddha altar, make wood such as well, painted stria algae, it is referred to as the caisson.


  于建筑物上施彩绘是中国古代建筑的一个重要特征,是建筑物不可缺少的一项装饰艺术。它原是施之于梁、柱、门、窗等木构件之上用以防腐、防蠹的油漆,后来逐渐发展演化而为彩画。

On the buildings, painting and painting is an important feature of ancient Chinese architecture, and it is an indispensable decoration art for buildings.. It was originally applied to beams, columns, doors, windows, and wood with anti-corrosion, anti moth of paint, then gradually developed, evolved and for painting.


  古代在建筑物上施用彩画,有严格的等级区分,庶民房舍不准绘彩画,就是在紫禁城内,不同性质的建筑物绘制彩画也有严格的区分。其中和玺彩画属最高的一级,内容以龙为主题,施用于外朝、内廷的主要殿堂,格调华贵。

In ancient buildings on the application of color, there are strict distinction between levels, ordinary houses not allowed to paint color is in the Forbidden City, depending on the nature of the building drawing painting also strict distinction. The Yuxi paintings belong to the highest level, the Dragon theme, applied to the outer court, Neiting the main hall, style luxury.


  旋子彩画是图案化彩画,画面布局素雅灵活,富于变化,常用于次要宫殿及配殿、门庑等建筑上。再一种是苏式彩画,以山水、人物、草虫、花卉为内容,多用于园苑中的亭台楼阁之上。

Butterfly color is patterned color, flexible screen layout is simple and elegant, is rich in the change, commonly used on the secondary palace and the side hall, veranda and other buildings. A Soviet style paintings, landscapes, figures, flowers, insects, for gardens, the pavilions, terraces and open halls.


文章分类: 公检法浮雕知识
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